How to Write a Summary of an Article? He says that there are far to many crashes that statistically should happen.
Chapter 8 Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Outliers, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
PDF downloads of all LitCharts literature guides, and of every new one we publish. Detailed quotes explanations with page numbers for every important quote on the site. Teacher Editions with classroom activities for all titles we cover. Outliers Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Outliers is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Learn outliers chapter 7 with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of outliers chapter 7 flashcards on Quizlet.
The chapter opens with the story of the crash of Korean Air flight The plane was in good condition. The weather was bad, but not too bad. Alarms begin to go off as they get closer and closer to the ground. Outliers part 7 flight engineer suggests that the captain pull up and try again.
A short while later he suggests this again. This time the captain agrees, but three seconds later the plane slams into the side of a mountain, killing almost everyone aboard.
The first pass at the story contains no good explanation for why the plane went down. Plane crashes are rare, but they are often devastating and tragic, and we demand explanations for them.
Gladwell wants the reader to ask how and why these pilots failed to land the plane. Active Themes Related Quotes with Explanations 2. But, amazingly, Korean air turned itself around.
Sincethey have a perfect safety record. It is now as safe as any airline in the world. Korean Air turned itself around, but how did it manage to do so?
This is how Gladwell will begin in earnest to discuss the importance of addressing cultural legacies when it comes to avoiding tragedy and failure. Gladwell says that, though plane crashes are often portrayed in movies as the results of a single catastrophic event, in reality they occur because of the accumulation of many small problems.
Bad weather, tired pilots, new or unfamiliar airports, crew members who have only recently started to work together—it often takes all of these things to add up to disaster. They are rare, and when they do happen, it is because of a confluence of various seemingly unrelated factors.
Suren Ratwatte is a veteran pilot who has studied aircraft disasters. He confirms that the typical crash involves exhausted pilots, poor communication, poor decision-making, and misunderstanding. It is not often bad piloting that causes plane crashes: Gladwell further breaks down our preconceptions of airplane crashes—often, it is not bad piloting or harsh weather that causes them.
As with the predictors of success, unseen easily overlooked factors can make a big difference. Ratwatte tells the story of a time he had to make an unexpected landing at an unfamiliar airport when one of his passengers fell ill. The plane was full of fuel, and therefore too heavy to land in normal conditions.
He had to land against the wind, which meant coming into the airport in the opposite direction than what was usually allowed. He told Air Traffic Control what he needed, he enlisted the help of his entire crew to keep things running smoothly, and put the massive heavy jet on the ground in time to save the ill passenger.
This success came about because he stayed calm, communicated himself clearly, and listened to what his inferiors and peers were telling him.
He had to be a good leader, a good listener, a good communicator, a quick thinker. Recall the earlier discussion of thresholds in Chapter 3. Once a pilot becomes skilled enough to fly and land a plane, then other factors begin to influence his success or failure. The question we should be asking is, What are these other skills and how did Ratwatte develop them?
Active Themes In contrast, Gladwell provides the transcript from another doomed flight, Avianca The plane has had to divert several times from its planned landing and is running dangerously low on fuel. The pilot repeatedly tells the first officer to tell Air Traffic Control ATC at the airport that their fuel levels have become a problem.
ATC asks them to divert again, and the first officer agrees.Definition of outliers An outlier is an observation that lies an abnormal distance from other values in a random sample from a population. In a sense, this definition leaves it up to the analyst (or a consensus process) to decide what will be considered abnormal.
Before abnormal observations can be. Outliers: The Story of Success by Malcolm Gladwell - Part 2, Chapter 6, Harlan, Kentucky summary and analysis.
Learn outliers chapter 7 with free interactive flashcards.
Choose from different sets of outliers chapter 7 flashcards on Quizlet. Learning Python Regression Analysis — part 7: Handling outliers in data.
Outliers are the data points that are distinctly separate from the overall pattern of the rest of the data. There could be different interpretations and rules for defining an outlier.
We will use two most popular rules for detecting the outliers in our dataset. They had to look beyond the individual. They had to understand the culture he or she was a part of, who their friends and families were, and what town their families came from.
Chapter 7 is called "The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes." Gladwell describes the terrible crash of Korean Airlines Flight in , when the plane flies into a hillside while landing on the island of Guam.